Tyres are one of the parts of your car that make contact with the road, it is essential when it comes to helping you stay safe and comfortable behind the wheel. So that you can keep the tyres in good condition for as long as possible. Most of the drivers know the costly expenses associated with replacing a vehicle’s tyres. .By following a regular tyre maintenance routine, you can save money and keep you, your passengers and other drivers safe on the roads. Here are simple ways to extend the lifespan of your tyres
Check Tyre Pressure Frequently-
Getting into the habit of checking your tyre pressure on a regular basis is not only important from a safety point of view, it is also vital if you want to prevent unnecessary damage to your tyres. Under-inflation can result in harm to your tyres due to increased temperature and flexing, which can cause major damage to the structure of the tyre wall. On the other hand, over-inflation can increase wear and tear due to a reduced contact area. Also, incorrectly inflated tyres are more likely to blow. It’s advisable to check your tyre pressure every few weeks or before long journeys to make sure they are inflated to the recommended level.If you don’t know the proper tyre pressure for your vehicle, consult with the vehicle owner’s manual. It’s worth noting that as well as extending the lifespan of your tyres, maintaining the correct pressure will help to maximise your fuel efficiency so it could save you money aswell.
Do not Overload your car with excessive weight-
From sports equipment to shopping, to suitcases, you might often find that your car is packed with quite a few things. If you frequently carry heavy loads in your vehicle though, you are likely to cause extra damage to your tyres. The added pressure that a fully loaded car places on your tyres can result in the tread wearing out more quickly. Of course, there may be times when you have to carry a lot in your car, but it’s important to keep your vehicle load to a minimum where possible. Bear in mind that when your car is fully loaded, you may have to adjust your tyre pressure. Also, when your car is carrying extra weight, you’ll need to keep in mind that your stopping distances will be increased and your handling is likely to be affected.
Make Sure your car has proper Wheel Alignment-
If the alignment of your wheels is wrong, your tyres will wear unevenly and more quickly. Wheel alignment refers to the angle and direction of your wheels. To give the safest and best driving performance, they must be straight and parallel to each other. A whole range of things can cause misalignment. For example, if you hit a pothole, or even if you simply travel over speed bumps, there is a risk that your wheels will not sit quite straight on the roads. If your car tends to pull to one side when you’re driving down a straight road, this is a sign your wheel alignment is off. The good news is that correcting this problem is easy and convenient.
Visually Inspect your tyres for Holes, Punctures and Cuts-
Roads sometimes have sharp objects like glass and nails. A nail in a tyre may not cause an immediate flat tyre but could result in a slow leak of tire pressure and eventually cause a puncture. To avoid changing a tyre on the roadside, repair any small cuts and holes you find on your tyres, and replace tyres if you notice larger holes on them.
Your driving style can have a big impact on how quickly your tyres deteriorate. For example, hard braking and accelerating can cause unnecessary wear on the rubber, reducing your tread depth more quickly you might need to get your tyres replaced on a more frequent basis. Aggressive cornering that places added pressure on your vehicle can also contribute to increased wear. Driving at high speeds can lessen the lifespan of your tyres too. This is because higher speeds cause your tyres to become hotter, and this can lead to increased damage. So, to minimise wear and tear to your tyres, think carefully about the way you drive your car.
Rotate your Tyres-
Intelligent tyre rotation promotes even tread wear and can help in extending tread life.This can be done once every 10,000km or every time there is an oil change in your car.Avoid switching tyres on the same axle, or moving them in a criss-cross pattern. Keeping your tyres rotated will promote even tread wear.Rotation can be done on your own or please visit a garage and let a professional do the rotation for you.
In conclusion, follow the above proven/effective methods to extend the life span/longevity of your tyres and also save money!
Run-Flat Technology tyres or RFT’s are tyres that can still run, even when there is no air pressure or if there is a puncture/leak in the tyre. These tyres are designed specifically for the purpose of remaining functional, for a limited amount of time, with no air pressure in the tyre and allow you to drive up to 70Kms with a flat tyre or no air. Run-flat tyres have been developed with reinforced tyre sidewalls and rubber clips for the rims, so you can now start to worry less about getting a flat tyre at the most inconvenient time and can still support the weight of your car for you to keep on driving safely.
There are two types of Run Flat Tyres(RFT)-
- Self Healing Tyres-The internal support ring is a less common design of run-flat tyre. When the tyre becomes deflated, it rests upon the internal ring, which supports the vehicle and maintains both the tyres shape and its contact with the road. The support ring is made of rubber, bonded to a lightweight metal ring that is fitted to the wheel inside the tyre. In case of air loss, the ring supports the vehicle and fixes the tyre bead onto the wheel rim. These automatically seal any puncture. The technology reduces the amount of air lost compared to a standard tyre with a puncture. However, it’s often deemed the less efficient run flat option because it allows air to leave before the sealing layer becomes active.
- Self-supporting tyres -The Self-Supporting Runflat (SSR) technology is based on a self-supporting reinforced sidewall. When there is a puncture, the sidewalls stiff construction prevents it from being crushed between the rim and the ground, as well as the tyre from slipping off the rim, which can make it impossible to fit a spare tyre. This contains a lightweight metallic ring to support the car’s weight once a puncture has been made. They also have reinforced side walls to ensure that the bead stays in contact with the wheel rim – this often slips away on punctured conventional tyres, creating contact between the rim and the road.
- You don’t have to change your tyre in dangerous or uncomfortable conditions. This is perhaps the biggest benefit of run flat tyres and is one of the reasons why they were designed. With conventional tyres, you have to replace a flat on the spot or have your car towed to a safe location
- In a puncture situation, run flats are more stable than conventional tyres. Since they’re made to support your vehicle even when they contain no air, run flat tyres will help you maintain better control in a complete air loss situation than conventional tyres
- The reinforced sidewalls can help you keep control of your car after getting a puncture, which is good news for your safety and wellbeing.
- Lower vehicle weight: With the spare and tyre repair tools eliminated, vehicle weight should go down. But it’s not as much as you might expect, since run-flat tyres weigh more than regular tyres, due to the added sidewall reinforcement.
So, if you’re a long distance driver, you don’t know how to change a tyre, or you’re not with a road service provider (the list could go on!), fitting your vehicle run-flat flat tyres might just save the day if you ever happen to get a puncture.
How Long does a tyre last?
All the tyres wear out or become damaged and will eventually need replacing.The best time to change your car tyres is when the tread rubber (the portion of the tyre which is contact with the road) reaches 1.6 mm or the Tread Wear Indicator. The other indicator is when your tyres start showing weather cracks, or in other words the sidewall becomes hard and looses its elasticity. This happens when the tyre is fitted on the wheel and exposed to elements and not used for a long time. However when a tyre is stored in a cool dry place without draughts the life is about 5 years.The Longevity is usually for cars, 40–50,000 KM’s. or 5 years, whichever is earlier.
Various factors that affect your tyres-
- Frequent punctures
- Vibrations on the steering wheel
- Unveven Wear Patterns
- Driving Habit
- Damaged Valve Caps
- Tread Pattern Heavily Worn Out
- Any Blow Outs on Tyre
- Bad Roads
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Replacing your tyre-
Before you replace your tyres, always consult the vehicle owner’s manual and follow the vehicle manufacturer’s replacement tyre recommendations. Vehicle handling may be significantly affected by a change in tyre size or type.When replacing tyres, it is recommended that you replace all four of them and keep the best one from the old set as spare.For optimum handling and control we recommend they are all the same type and size, unless otherwise specified by the vehicle manufacturer.Also, make sure you are using the right set of tyres on the right terrain. Filling up tyres with nitrogen instead of regular air also improves ride quality and reduces tyre wear.Any visible perforation, cut or deformation must be checked thoroughly by a tyre professional.Only a tyre professional can tell you if your tyre can be repaired or has to be changed.
Wheel Alignment and Wheel Balancing is Highly Recommended-
Balancing can be done on a special machine which measures the weight being exerted at all points in the wheel’s rotation cycle. When they need to balance a wheel, a mechanic or technician will place small offsetting weights at a series of specific points around the outside of a wheel.These weights will help identify any point around the wheel’s circumference where excessive weight is being exerted.
Wheel Alignment also called as tracking is part of standard maintenance that consists of adjusting the angles of wheels to the car manufacturer specifications. The purpose of these adjustments is to reduce tyre wear, and to ensure that vehicle travel is straight and true (without “pulling” to one side). Alignment angles can also be altered beyond the maker’s specifications to obtain a specific handling characteristic. Motorsport and off-road applications may call for angles to be adjusted well beyond “normal”, for a variety of reasons.
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Premium Tyres usually cost more money than a mid-range or an economy tyre but they boast well-known brand names which are accompanied by a long history in the tyre industry. Premium tyre manufacturers say their products give vehicles access to the latest technology, greatest performance and durability.Premium tyres manufacturers sell billions of tyres all over the world and high levels of competition between brands mean that tyre standard is constantly on the rise, as each manufacturer strives to have the safest and best-performing tyres. But by purchasing a premium tyre, you are also paying for the huge sums invested in tyre technology, engineering and safety testing that goes into making these tyres both hard-wearing and safe. Premium casings enable multiple retreading and the tyres incorporate the latest and most advanced technologies due to the investment made in research and development.
Top Reasons to prefer Premium Tyres compared to mid-range/ Economy tyres-
- Access to Latest Technology
- Premium Tyres are more Fuel Efficient and you can save money on Fuel
- Best Performance
- Safer and more Dependable
- Better Handling
- Premium Tyres are quieter- Less Noise
- Tyres last longer and treads wear slowly
- More Traction on the Road
- Greater Durability
Premium Tyre Brands available in India-
Good Year Tyres
What is an Intelligent Tyre?
This is a brand new concept where the tyre is attached with sensors and cloud-based algorithms to communicate with Drivers/ Vehicle operators through an application. This gives out useful information about the tyre status like – temperature, tread wear, load and traction. This also provides a continuous stream of data sharing and ensures tyres remain in optimum condition, reducing downtime and maximising cost efficiency. Tyre performance and wear information provide a real-time signal for when a tyre needs service to extend its life, fuel economy and performance attributes.
- Inflation Status
- Tyre Performance
- Tyre Wear
- Potential Service Issue
- Tread Indicator
- Longevity of Tyres
This is the future of Tyres as there is an estimate that the intelligent tyres will grow from 0 units to 414 million units in the next decade. This also helps in assisting drivers in their spend on fuel every year, having tyres that are fuel efficient are of keen interest to passenger vehicles and that of any common public.